Being a woodcarver with a particular interest in knife carving there was no chance that I was going to wear something that impersonal, or carry about a blunt blade for that matter. So I decided to make my own.
The name comes from the Gaelic meaning 'dark knife' or 'black knife'. Although many sgian dubhs (it's pronounced something like 'skee-an doo') will have dark-coloured handles made from ebony or bog oak, the name is thought to reflect the way that the knife was hidden when being worn ('black' in the same sense as 'blackmail' or 'black ops').
There seem to be two main ideas about how the sgian dubh came to be part of Scottish national dress:
The first is that no one with any common sense in the old days in Scotland would completely remove all their weapons when visiting others - things were a bit too wild in the Highlands for that. To show respect and friendship to the hosts when in their house, visitors would put their knife into their hose, so that it was on show for all to see as an expression of good faith (although it could still be accessed in a hurry!). Another knife, called a sgian achlais, would also be worn under the armpit. Wearing the sgian dubh on show symbolises goodwill and friendship combined with an readiness to defend oneself if necessary.
The other influence on wearing sgian dubhs is thought by some to come from hunting. Knives are carried by hunters and ghillies in Scotland, so that deer can be skinned and gutted ('gralloched') in the field and brought back. Trying to get a dead red deer off a Scottish moorland in one piece would be a thankless task; far easier to cut it up first. Gralloching also involves removing the deer's intestines, which means the meat isn't tainted by gut contents.
The traditional design of a sgian dubh has small dimples along the back of the blade away from the cutting edge. I wonder if they echo the saw-type section on the blade of many hunting knives, which I suppose are used to cut through tough parts of a carcass?
|Image by Andy Hay, from www.rspb.org.uk|